Document Detail


Life cycle assessment of biohydrogen and biomethane production and utilisation as a vehicle fuel.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23353037     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Environmental burdens for the production and utilisation of biomethane vehicle fuel or a biohydrogen/biomethane blend produced from food waste or wheat feed, based on data from two different laboratory experiments, have been compared. For food waste treated by batch processes the two stage system gave high hydrogen yields (84.2l H(2)kg(-1) VS added) but a lower overall energy output than the single stage system. Reduction in environmental burdens compared with diesel was achieved, supported by the diversion of waste from landfill. For wheat feed, the semi continuously fed two stage process gave low hydrogen yields (7.5l H(2)kg(-1) VS added) but higher overall energy output. The process delivers reduction in fossil fuel burdens, and improvements in process efficiencies will lead to reduction in CO(2) burdens compared with diesel. The study highlights the importance of understanding and optimising biofuel production parameters according to the feedstock utilised.
Authors:
Tim Patterson; Sandra Esteves; Richard Dinsdale; Alan Guwy; Jon Maddy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  131C     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioresour. Technol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  235-245     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Sustainable Environment Research Centre (SERC), Faculty of Health, Sport and Science, University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd, Wales CF37 1DL, UK. Electronic address: tlpatter@glam.ac.uk.
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