Document Detail


Life Events as Environmental States and Genetic Traits and the Role of Personality: A Longitudinal Twin Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21822914     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The occurrence of many life events is not entirely random but genetically influenced. The current study examined the sources underlying the stability or recurrence of life events and the developmental interplay between personality traits and life events. In a longitudinal study of 338 adult twin pairs we estimated (1) the genetic and environmental sources of continuity in aggregates of life events, (2) the sources through which personality influences the experience of life events, and (3) the sources through which life events influence personality. Unlike personality which showed both genetic and environmental influences on substantial continuity over time, stability of life events was moderate and mainly influenced by genetic factors. Significant associations between personality and life events were specific to certain personality traits and qualitative aspects of life events (controllable positive, controllable negative, and less controllable negative), primarily directional from personality to life events, and basically genetically mediated. Controlled for these genetic associations, we also found some small and basically environmentally mediated effects of life events on personality traits. The results support the concept of genotype-environment correlation as a propulsive mechanism of development.
Authors:
Christian Kandler; Wiebke Bleidorn; Rainer Riemann; Alois Angleitner; Frank M Spinath
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavior genetics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-3297     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0251711     Medline TA:  Behav Genet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, Universitätsstr. 25, 33615, Bielefeld, Germany, christian.kandler@uni-bielefeld.de.
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