Document Detail


Life 1 year after a quit attempt: real-time reports of quitters and continuing smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22865499     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Smokers are often reluctant to quit because they fear long-lasting withdrawal. Yet little research prospectively examines smokers' withdrawal longer than 1 month post-quit.
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare successful versus unsuccessful quitters' withdrawal, positive affect/pleasure, and lifestyle at 1 year post-quit.
METHODS: Smokers (N = 572) in a cessation trial completed ecological momentary assessments four times a day for 1 week pre-quit, 1 week post-quit, and 1 week at 1 year post-quit.
RESULTS: From pre-quit to 1 year later, only quitters reported sizeable declines in craving and restlessness, and fewer stressful events. At 1 year, quitters, on average, reported no significant craving. Continuing smokers reduced their cigarette consumption considerably from pre-quit to 1 year later.
CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to smokers' worries, long-term quitters reported less craving and restlessness than when they smoked (perhaps because cessation eliminates the acute nicotine withdrawal smokers experience between cigarettes). This information may encourage smokers to quit and endure withdrawal.
Authors:
Tanya R Schlam; Megan E Piper; Jessica W Cook; Michael C Fiore; Timothy B Baker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1532-4796     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Behav Med     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-26     Completed Date:  2013-05-02     Revised Date:  2014-09-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510246     Medline TA:  Ann Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  309-19     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nicotine / adverse effects*
Quality of Life / psychology*
Smoking / psychology*
Smoking Cessation / psychology*
Stress, Psychological / psychology*
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1K05CA139871/CA/NCI NIH HHS; K05 CA139871/CA/NCI NIH HHS; K08 DA021311/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K08DA021311/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; M01 RR003186/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; M01 RR03186/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; P50 DA019706/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; P50 DA019706/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; UL1 TR000427/TR/NCATS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
54-11-5/Nicotine
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Ann Behav Med. 2012 Dec;44(3):297-8   [PMID:  22983623 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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