Document Detail

Licensing and training requirements for direct care workers in Japan: what can the United States and Japan learn from each other?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14733446     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Shortages of direct care workers have been of concern both in the United States and in Japan. This article compares issues surrounding long-term care provisions in the two countries and introduces Japan's unique licensure and certificate system for direct care workers. Japan has established three levels of direct care worker certificates and a direct care licensure, which can be potentially used as a career ladder. Studies show that this system has resulted in different work conditions and benefits between different certificate and licensure levels but had a limited impact on hourly wage and task differentiation. Implications for the United States are also discussed.
Yoshiko Yamada; Minobu Sekiya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of aging & social policy     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0895-9420     ISO Abbreviation:  J Aging Soc Policy     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-21     Completed Date:  2004-03-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8914669     Medline TA:  J Aging Soc Policy     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  113-29     Citation Subset:  T    
Japan Foundation for Aging and Health.
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MeSH Terms
Allied Health Personnel / education,  legislation & jurisprudence,  standards*
Career Mobility
Certification / standards*
Job Satisfaction
Licensure / standards*
Long-Term Care / manpower*
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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