Document Detail

Levodopa effect on electromyographic activation patterns of tibialis anterior muscle during walking in Parkinson's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21256751     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Previous studies have reported that patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) show, in the "off medication" state, a reduced activation of tibialis anterior (TA) in the late swing-early stance phase of the gait cycle. In PD patients the pathophysiological picture may cause differences among the stride cycles. Our aims were to evaluate how frequently TA activity is reduced in the late swing-early stance phase and if there is a relationship between the TA pattern and the clinical picture. Thirty PD patients were studied 2h after Levodopa administration ("on-med") and 12h after Levodopa wash-out ("off-med"). They were evaluated by the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS III) and surface electromyography of TA and gastrocnemius medialis (GM). The root mean square (RMS) of the TA activity in late swing-early stance phase (RMS-A) was normalized as a percent of the RMS of the TA activity in late stance-early swing (RMS-B). RMS-A was reduced in 30% of patients in the "off-med" condition. Within these patients, the percentage of stride cycles with reduced RMS-A, ranged between 28% and 83%. After Levodopa intake, no stride cycle showed reduced RMS-A. Patients with reduced RMS-A had a lower UPDRS III total score in the "on-med" rather than in the "off-med" condition (p=0.02). Our data confirm and extend previous observations indicating that, in "off-med" the function of TA is impaired in those patients clinically more responsive to Levodopa. TA activation is reduced in a relatively high percent of gait cycles in the "off-med" state. Since the variability of TA activation disappears after Levodopa administration, this phenomenon could be the expression of an abnormal dopaminergic drive.
P Caliandro; M Ferrarin; M Cioni; A R Bentivoglio; I Minciotti; P I D'Urso; P A Tonali; L Padua
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gait & posture     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-2219     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9416830     Medline TA:  Gait Posture     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Institute of Neurology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy; Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi Onlus, Rome, Italy.
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