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Levels of trace and major elements in illicit heroin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12353581     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ten elements, aluminum (Al), barium (Ba), calcium (Ca), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) were analyzed in 44 illicit heroin samples from Southeast Anatolia, Turkey. Illicit heroin samples were dissolved in nitric acid using microwave oven and were quantified by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (Cd and Pb) and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (Al, Ba, Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, and Zn). The most abundant element was calcium, 4050 to 14,200 microg/g, which could be ascribed to the use of lime in the manufacturing process and/or as diluting agent. Iron (180 to 1470 microg/g), aluminum (42 to 2280 microg/g), and zinc (160 to 210 microg/g) were found at moderately high levels, possibly because of the use of metal pots in the acetic anhydride cooking process and also for storage. Cadmium and lead concentrations were at the lowest measured levels. The amounts of magnesium, manganese, barium, and copper were in the range of 100 to 800 micro/g, 3 to 17 microg/g, 4 to 30 microg/g, and 2 to 46 microg/g, respectively.
Authors:
Taner Bora; Melek Merdivan; Candan Hamamci
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of forensic sciences     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0022-1198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Forensic Sci.     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-30     Completed Date:  2002-10-21     Revised Date:  2003-11-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375370     Medline TA:  J Forensic Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  959-63     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Criminal Police Laboratory, Diyarbakir, Turkey.
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