Document Detail


Levels of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fish species from Kahramanmaras, Turkey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15910967     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The levels of organohalogenated contaminants, such as organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were measured in four fish species (Acanthobrama marmid (kalashpa), Cyprinus carpio (carp), Chondrostoma regium (nose-carp), and Silurus glanis (wels)) from the Sir Dam Lake, Kahramanmaras, Turkey. These species were selected for their characteristic feeding behaviour and their importance to local human fish consumption. DDTs were the predominant organohalogenated contaminants in all species, with the p,p'-DDE contributing to more than 90% to the total DDTs. Other OCPs, such as hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) isomers, chlordanes and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) were found at much lower levels in all five species. The levels of PCBs and PBDEs (on wet weight basis) were lower than in similar species from European or American freshwater systems. PBDE data were measured for the first time in fish species from Turkish environment. Lipid-based concentrations of OCPs, PCBs and PBDEs were higher in wels than in the other species and this was related to its piscivorous feeding mode and to its higher lipid content. Contrarily, concentrations of pollutants in nose-carp were the lowest, in agreement with its more herbivorous diet. A preferential accumulation in muscle compared to liver was observed for all OCPs, PCBs, and PBDEs in wels and carp, while in nose-carp, a preferential accumulation in liver was observed only for PBDEs, p,p'-DDT and PCBs. Racemic amounts for alpha-HCH were measured in all investigated muscle and liver samples, except for carp muscle.
Authors:
Ozlem Erdogrul; Adrian Covaci; Paul Schepens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environment international     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0160-4120     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Int     Publication Date:  2005 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-05-24     Completed Date:  2005-09-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807270     Medline TA:  Environ Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  703-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kahramanmaras Sütçü Imam, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Diet
Environmental Monitoring
Ethers
Fishes*
Food Contamination
Humans
Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated / analysis*,  pharmacokinetics*
Pesticides / analysis*,  pharmacokinetics*
Polybrominated Biphenyls / analysis*,  pharmacokinetics*
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / analysis*,  pharmacokinetics*
Public Health
Risk Assessment
Tissue Distribution
Turkey
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ethers; 0/Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated; 0/Pesticides; 0/Polybrominated Biphenyls; 0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls

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