Document Detail


Levels of metals and organic substances in workers at a hazardous waste incinerator: a follow-up study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18712406     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To determine the blood and urine concentrations of a number of metals and organic substances in workers at a hazardous waste incinerator (HWI) in Catalonia, Spain, 8 years after regular operations in the facility. To compare these concentrations with the baseline (1999) levels and with those obtained in previous (2000 and 2005) surveys. METHODS: The employees were divided into three groups according to their specific workplaces. Plasma analyses of hexachlorobenzene (HCB), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs 28, 52, 101, 138, 153 and 180) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), as well as urinary analyses of 2,4- and 2,5-dichlorophenol (DCP), 2,4,5- and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP), pentachlorophenol (PCP) and 1-hydroxypyrene (1-HP) were carried out. Blood concentrations of manganese and mercury, and urinary levels of nickel were also determined. RESULTS: For organic compounds in plasma, the comparison of the current levels with those of previous surveys did not show any significant increase for any of the compounds analyzed. In contrast, plasma levels of PCBs 28, 52 and 101 were significantly lower than the respective baseline concentrations, while especially notable was the significant reduction in the levels of PCDD/Fs in plasma of plant workers, which decreased from 26.7 pg I-TEQ/g lipid in the baseline survey to the current 2.5 pg I-TEQ/g lipid. CONCLUSION: According to the results of the present study, there are no evident signs of occupational exposure to a number of metals and organic substances in the workers of the HWI.
Authors:
Montse Mari; Marta Schuhmacher; José L Domingo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-08-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  International archives of occupational and environmental health     Volume:  82     ISSN:  1432-1246     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Arch Occup Environ Health     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-20     Completed Date:  2009-05-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7512134     Medline TA:  Int Arch Occup Environ Health     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  519-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Rovira i Virgili University, Sescelades Campus, Tarragona, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Benzene Derivatives / blood*,  urine*
Benzofurans / blood
Chlorophenols / urine
Environmental Monitoring / methods
Environmental Pollutants / blood
Female
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Hazardous Waste / analysis*
Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring / blood*
Hexachlorobenzene / blood
Humans
Incineration*
Male
Metals, Heavy / blood
Occupational Exposure / analysis*
Pentachlorophenol / urine
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / blood
Pyrenes / analysis*
Spain
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin / analogs & derivatives,  blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzene Derivatives; 0/Benzofurans; 0/Chlorophenols; 0/Environmental Pollutants; 0/Hazardous Waste; 0/Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring; 0/Metals, Heavy; 0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls; 0/Pyrenes; 0/polychlorodibenzo-4-dioxin; 118-74-1/Hexachlorobenzene; 120-83-2/2,4-dichlorophenol; 132-64-9/dibenzofuran; 1746-01-6/Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin; 5315-79-7/1-hydroxypyrene; 583-78-8/2,5-dichlorophenol; 87-86-5/Pentachlorophenol; 88-06-2/2,4,6-trichlorophenol; 95-95-4/2,4,5-trichlorophenol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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