Document Detail


Level of emotional awareness in the general French population: Effects of gender, age, and education level.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23305070     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS) developed by Lane et al. ( 1990 ) measures the ability of a subject to discriminate his or her own emotional state and that of others. The scale is based on a cognitive-developmental model in which emotional awareness increases in a similar fashion to intellectual functions. Because studies performed using North American and German populations have demonstrated an effect of age, gender, and level of education on the ability to differentiate emotional states, our study attempts to evaluate whether these factors have the same effects in a general French population. 750 volunteers (506 female, 244 male), who were recruited from three regions of France (Lille, Montpellier, Paris), completed the LEAS. The sample was divided into five age groups and three education levels. The results of the LEAS scores for self and others and the total score showed a difference in the level of emotional awareness for different age groups, by gender and education level. A higher emotional level was observed for younger age groups, suggesting that emotional awareness depends on the cultural context and generational societal teachings. Additionally, the level of emotional awareness was higher in women than in men and lower in individuals with less education. This result might be explained by an educational bias linked to gender and higher education whereby expressive ability is reinforced. In addition, given the high degree of variability in previously observed scores in the French population, we propose a standard based on our French sample.
Authors:
Jean-Louis Nandrino; Margaret Baracca; Pascal Antoine; Virginie Paget; Sarah Bydlowski; Solange Carton
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of psychology : Journal international de psychologie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1464-066X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Psychol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0107305     Medline TA:  Int J Psychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a URECA EA 1059, Université Charles de Gaulle Lille 3 , Villeneuve d'Ascq , France.
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