Document Detail


Leukotriene receptors on human pulmonary vascular endothelium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8564195     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. Cysteinyl-leukotrienes cause contractions and/or relaxations of human isolated pulmonary vascular preparations. Although, the localization and nature of the receptors through which these effects are mediated have not been fully characterized, some effects are indirect and not mediated via the well-described LT1 receptor. 2. In human pulmonary veins (HPV) with an intact endothelium, leukotriene D4 (LTD4) induced contraction above basal tone. This response was observed at lower concentrations of LTD4 in the presence of nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N omega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NOARG). Contractions (in the absence and presence of L-NOARG) were partially blocked by the LT1 antagonists (MK 571 and ICI 198615). 3. LTD4 relaxed HPV previously contracted with noradrenaline. This relaxation was potentiated by LT1 antagonists, but was abolished by removal of the endothelium. LTD4 also relaxed human pulmonary arteries (HPA) precontracted with noradrenaline but this effect was not modified by LT1 antagonists. 4. The results suggest that contraction of endothelium-intact HPV by LTD4 is partially mediated via LT1 receptors. Further, in endothelium-intact HPV, this contraction was opposed by a relaxation induced by LTD4, dependent on the release of nitric oxide, which was mediated, at least in part, via a non-LT1 receptor. In addition, LTD4 relaxation on contracted HPA was not mediated by LT1 receptors. 5. The mechanical effects of LTD4 on human pulmonary vasculature are complex and involve both direct and indirect mechanisms mediated via at least two types of cysteinyl-leukotriene receptors.
Authors:
J L Ortiz; I Gorenne; J Cortijo; A Seller; C Labat; B Sarria; T S Abram; P J Gardiner; E Morcillo; C Brink
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of pharmacology     Volume:  115     ISSN:  0007-1188     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-03-04     Completed Date:  1996-03-04     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502536     Medline TA:  Br J Pharmacol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1382-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department de Farmacologia, Universitat de Valencia, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Arginine / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacology
Endothelium, Vascular / chemistry*,  drug effects
Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
Humans
Leukotriene D4 / pharmacology*
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / chemistry*,  drug effects
Nitroarginine
Norepinephrine / pharmacology
Pulmonary Artery / drug effects,  metabolism
Pulmonary Veins / chemistry*,  drug effects
Receptors, Leukotriene / analysis*
Vasoconstriction / drug effects
Vasodilation / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/Receptors, Leukotriene; 2149-70-4/Nitroarginine; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 73836-78-9/Leukotriene D4; 74-79-3/Arginine
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