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Lessons from neurolathyrism: A disease of the past & the future of Lathyrus sativus (Khesari dal).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24056554     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Neurolathyrism is past history in India since Lathyrus sativus (khesari dal) is no longer used as a staple. A consensus has evolved that khesari dal is harmless as part of a normal diet. L-ODAP (β-N-oxalyl-l-α-diamino propionic acid) the neurotoxic amino acid, from this pulse, is detoxified in humans but not in animals but still no laboratory animal is susceptible to it under acceptable feeding regimens. L-ODAP is an activator of protein kinase C and consequential crucial downstream effects such as stabilization of hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) could be extremely conducive to humans under a variety of situations. ODAP is gradually finding a place in several patents for this reason. Homoarginine the second amino acid from L. sativus can be a better substrate for endogenous generation of nitric oxide, a crucial signaling molecule associated with the cardiovasculature and control of hypertension. These features could make L. sativus a prized commodity as a functional food for the general cardiovasculature and overcome hypoxic events and is set to change the entire perception of this pulse and neurolathyrism.
Authors:
Surya S Singh; S L N Rao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Indian journal of medical research     Volume:  138     ISSN:  0971-5916     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J. Med. Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-09-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374701     Medline TA:  Indian J Med Res     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  32-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India.
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