Document Detail

Lessons from human coronary aspirate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21762698     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The interventional implantation of a stent into an atherosclerotic coronary artery is a unique and paradigmatic scenario of plaque rupture in humans. The use of protection devices not only prevents the released plaque particles and the superimposed thrombotic material from being washed and embolized into the coronary microcirculation of the individual patient, but permits also the retrieval and ex vivo analysis of particulate plaque debris and soluble substances. The particulate debris comprises typical cholesterol crystals, foam cells, hyalin material and calcium deposits from the atheroma as well as platelets and coagulation material; soluble substances include vasoconstrictors, such as serotonin and thromboxane, as well as inflammatory mediators, such as TNFα which amplifies vasoconstriction by inducing endothelial dysfunction. The vasoconstriction observed in a bioassay ex vivo correlates to clinical symptoms, angiographic stenosis and plaque burden, as assessed by intravascular ultrasound. The release of TNFα into the aspirate correlates to restenosis. Detailed analysis of the human coronary aspirate may promote a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque and help to better antagonize the microvascular consequences of coronary microembolization, including the no reflow phenomenon.
Petra Kleinbongard; Thomas Konorza; Dirk Böse; Theodor Baars; Michael Haude; Raimund Erbel; Gerd Heusch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-8584     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0262322     Medline TA:  J Mol Cell Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Institut für Pathophysiologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Germany.
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