Document Detail

Lesions of the ventral striatum mimic the effect of olfactory bulbectomy to prevent short photoperiod-induced testicular regression in golden hamsters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8813392     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Bilateral olfactory bulbectomy (BX) or bilateral transection of the rostral lateral olfactory tract (LOT) at the level of the anterior olfactory nucleus markedly increases gonadotropin secretion and prevents the testicular regression associated with maintenance on short photoperiod in golden hamsters. In an effort to further elucidate the neural tracts involved in this influence on gonadotropin secretion, lesions were placed in several potential pathways. Hamsters underwent sham surgery (SH), bilateral BX, or electrolytic or radiofrequency lesions of the: medial nucleus of the amygdala (MeX) caudal LOT just rostral to the medial nucleus of the amygdala (LOTX); or ventral striatum (VSX). Lesions were either bilateral or unilateral with contralateral olfactory bulbectomy. All animals were then placed on short photoperiod (LD 10:14) for 10 weeks and testicular size and body weight were assessed at weekly intervals. Lesion placement was assessed in brain sections stained with cresyl violet and animals with misplaced lesions were excluded. The following represent the number of animals in each group undergoing testicular regression in response to short photoperiod: SH: 32/35; BX: 8/31 (P < 0.01 vs. SH); MeX: 5/5; caudal LOTX: 8/9 and VSX: 3/8 (P < 0.05 vs. SH). Serum LH, FSH and testosterone at the end of the study correlated with the testicular regression data. These results suggest that the tonic inhibitory effect of the olfactory bulbs on gonadotropin secretion is mediated by fibers that exit the LOT rostral to the amygdala and project medially, either passing through or synapsing in the ventral striatum.
D M Gomez; S W Newman; D R Pieper
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research     Volume:  723     ISSN:  0006-8993     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res.     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-03     Completed Date:  1996-12-03     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045503     Medline TA:  Brain Res     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  148-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Michigan, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Ann Arbor, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Amygdala / injuries*
Follicle Stimulating Hormone / metabolism
Gonadotropins / metabolism*
Luteinizing Hormone / metabolism
Olfactory Bulb / physiology*
Olfactory Pathways / physiology*
Testis / physiology*
Testosterone / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Gonadotropins; 58-22-0/Testosterone; 9002-67-9/Luteinizing Hormone; 9002-68-0/Follicle Stimulating Hormone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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