Document Detail

Leptin up-regulates TLR2 in human monocytes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23341537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The adipokine leptin elicits changes in the expression of the activation markers CD40 and CD69 in PBMCs and DCs, yet its effect on PRRs remains to be elucidated. Serum leptin concentrations are elevated in obesity and T2DM, which are both diseases associated with a proinflammatory state. We therefore investigated a possible role for leptin in monocyte TLR and CD14 expression. Leptin increased TLR2 cell-surface and mRNA expression in THP-1 and primary human monocytes. In contrast, leptin had no effect on monocyte TLR4 expression in THP-1 or primary monocytes. CD14 cell-surface and mRNA expression were increased after leptin stimulation in THP-1 monocytes. However, no change in cell-surface CD14 expression was observed after leptin treatment in primary human monocytes. Leptin also up-regulated the expression of PU.1 and EGR2, transcription factors involved in myeloid cell differentiation. Additionally, leptin potentiated Escherichia coli and Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS-induced TNF-α secretion in THP-1 monocytes. In conclusion, we show that leptin and LPS differentially influence monocyte phenotype and demonstrate, for the first time, a regulatory effect of leptin on the monocyte expression of TLR2. Leptin-stimulated TLR2 expression may potentiate innate immunity and inflammation in conditions of hyperleptinemia, such as obesity and T2DM.
Katrin M Jaedicke; Ashleigh Roythorne; Kay Padget; Stephen Todryk; Philip M Preshaw; John J Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of leukocyte biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-3673     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Leukoc. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405628     Medline TA:  J Leukoc Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
*Centre for Oral Health Research and Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom; and.
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