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Leptin-induced downregulation of the rat hippocampal somatostatinergic system may potentiate its anorexigenic effects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23073237     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The learning and memory mechanisms in the hippocampus translate hormonal signals of energy balance into behavioral outcomes involved in the regulation of food intake. As leptin and its receptors are expressed in the hippocampus and somatostatin (SRIF), an orexigenic neuropeptide, may inhibit leptin-mediated suppression of food intake in other brain areas, we asked whether chronic leptin infusion induces changes in the hippocampal somatostatinergic system and whether these modifications are involved in leptin-mediated effects. We studied 18 male Wistar rats divided into three groups: controls (C), treated intracerebroventricularly (icv) with leptin (12 μg/day) for 14 days (L) and a pair-fed group (PF) that received the same amount of food consumed by the L group. Food restriction increased whereas leptin decreased the hippocampal SRIF receptor density, due to changes in SRIF receptor 2 protein levels. These changes in the PF group were concurrent with an increase of hippocampal G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 protein levels and activation of Akt and cyclic AMP response element binding protein. The inhibitory effect of SRIF on adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity, however, was decreased in L rats, coincident with lower G inhibitory α3 and higher AC-I levels as well as signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 3 activation. In addition, 20 male Wistar rats were included to analyze whether the leptin antagonist L39A/D40A/F41A and the SRIF receptor agonist SMS 201-995 modify SRIF signaling and food intake, respectively. Administration of L39A/D40A/F41A reversed changes in SRIF signaling, whereas SMS 201-995 ameliorated food consumption in L. Altogether, these results suggest that increased somatostatinergic tone in PF rats may be a mechanism to improve the hippocampal orexigenic effects in a situation of metabolic demand, whereas down-regulation of this system in L rats may represent a mechanism to enhance the anorexigenic effects of leptin.
Authors:
Arancha Perianes-Cachero; Emma Burgos-Ramos; Lillian Puebla-Jiménez; Sandra Canelles; María Paz Viveros; Virginia Mela; Julie A Chowen; Jesús Argente; Eduardo Arilla-Ferreiro; Vicente Barrios
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurochemistry international     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-9754     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurochem. Int.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006959     Medline TA:  Neurochem Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Neurobiochemistry Unit, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Alcalá, E-28871, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.
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