Document Detail

Leprosy trends in Zambia 1991-2009.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22845796     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective  To document leprosy trends in Zambia over the past two decades to ascertain the importance of leprosy as a health problem in Zambia. Methods  Retrospective study covering the period 1991-2009 of routine national leprosy surveillance data, published national programme review reports and desk reviews of in-country TB reports. Results  Data reports were available for all the years under study apart from years 2001, 2002 and 2006. The Leprosy case notification rates (CNR) declined from 2.73/10 000 population in 1991 to 0.43/10 000 population in 2009. The general leprosy burden showed a downward trend for both adults and children. Leprosy case burden dropped from approximately 18 000 cases in 1980 to only about 1000 cases in 1996, and by the year 2000, the prevalence rates had fallen to 0.67/10 000 population. There were more multibacillary cases of leprosy than pauci-bacillary cases. Several major gaps in data recording, entry and surveillance were identified. Data on disaggregation by gender, HIV status or geographical origin were not available. Conclusion  Whilst Zambia has achieved WHO targets for leprosy control, leprosy prevalence data from Zambia may not reflect real situation because of poor data recording and surveillance. Greater investment into infrastructure and training are required for more accurate surveillance of leprosy in Zambia.
Nathan Kapata; Pascalina Chanda-Kapata; Martin Peter Grobusch; Justin O'Grady; Matthew Bates; Peter Mwaba; Alimuddin Zumla
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-3156     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610576     Medline TA:  Trop Med Int Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
 Ministry of Health, Lusaka, Zambia  National TB and Leprosy Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lusaka, Zambia  University of Zambia and University College London Medical School Research and Training Programme, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia  Center for Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands  Department of Infection, Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, London, UK.
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