Document Detail


Lengthening of intraatrial conduction time in atrial fibrillation and its relation with early recurrence of atrial fibrillation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11804299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Intraatrial conduction delay in atrial fibrillation (AF) that is considered a component of atrial electrical remodeling has been demonstrated previously in experimental models and it is considered an important factor for the induction or stabilization of AF. However, it is not known if this phenomenon exists in human AF. The present study aimed to compare intraatrial conduction time (IACT) in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation who were converted to sinus rhythm and a matched control group, and to investigate its relation with early AF recurrence. Seventeen patients with chronic AF (mean duration of 20.71+/-16.35 months) were enrolled in the study (7 males, 10 females, 63+/-8 years). An age and sex matched control group (n=12) consisted of patients with sinus rhythm who underwent electrophysiological study (EPS). None of the patients were on any antiarrhythmic treatment during the procedures. Cardioversion was performed via external DC cardioversion. Eight patients in the control group were delivered a DC shock because of induced ventricular tachycardia during EPS. IACT was defined as the interval between the onset of P wave surface ECG and the beginning of A wave at high right atrium (IACT 1) and low right atrium (IACT 2). Additionally, the interval between A wave at high right atrium and low right atrium was measured (IACT 3). Patient characteristics such as age, sex and echocardiographic variables were not different between the AF group and the control group. Heart rate after cardioversion was found to be similar between the two groups. Total delivered energy was significantly higher in the AF group than in the control group (464.47+/-165.82 joules vs. 315.00+/-27.77 joules, p<0.001). IACT 1 (15.30+/-7.61 msec vs 8.50+/-5.29 msec, p<0.02 ), IACT 2 (45.25+/-836 msec vs 26.44+/-10.45 msec, p<0.001) and IACT 3 (26.9+/-8.26 msec vs. 18.67+/-10.05, p<0.05) significantly lengthened in the AF group after maintenance of sinus rhythm compared to the control group. There were 6 early AF recurrences during the 1 week follow-up period. Multivariate analysis, revealed IACT 2 and IACT 3 were significantly different between the control group, the patient with recurred AF and the patients with maintained sinus rhythm. Post-hoc analysis revealed that IACT 2 and IACT 3 significantly lengthened in the patients with recurred AF compared to both the control group and patients with maintained sinus rhythm. On the other hand, only IACT 2 patients with maintained sinus rhythm were found to be higher than those of the control group. The present study indicated that intraatrial conduction was disturbed in patients with AF, a finding which is consistent with those of previous experimental studies. Additionally, such a phenomenon may be a risk factor for the early recurrence of AF after cardioversion to sinus rhythm.
Authors:
O Akyürek; T Sayin; I Dinçer; R Karaoguz; M Güldal; D Oral
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Japanese heart journal     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0021-4868     ISO Abbreviation:  Jpn Heart J     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-23     Completed Date:  2002-02-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401175     Medline TA:  Jpn Heart J     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  575-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Medical School, Ankara University, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Atrial Fibrillation / physiopathology*,  therapy
Case-Control Studies
Electric Countershock
Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac
Female
Heart Conduction System / physiopathology*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Recurrence

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