Document Detail


Length of stay in a neonatal intensive care unit and its association with low rates of exclusive breastfeeding in very low birth weight infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21473678     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective. To identify the inpatient maternal and neonatal factors associated to the weaning of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods. One hundred nineteen VLBW (<1500 g) infants were monitored from July 2005 through August 2006, from birth to the first ambulatory visit after maternity discharge. This maternity unit uses the Kangaroo Method and the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative. Out of 119 VLBW infants monitored until discharge, 88 (75%) returned to the facility, 22 (25%) were on exclusive breastfeeding (EB), and 66 (75%) were weaned (partial breastfeeding or formula feeding). Results. Univariate analysis found an association between weaning and lower birth weight, longer stays in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and longer hospitalization times, in addition to more prolonged enteral feeding and birth weight recovery period. Logistic regression showed length of NICU stay as being the main determinant of weaning. Conclusion. The negative repercussion on EB of an extended stay in the NICU is a significant challenge for health professionals to provide more adequate nutrition to VLBW infants.
Authors:
Claudia Maia; Railson Brandão; Angelo Roncalli; Hélcio Maranhão
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN, Brazil.
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