Document Detail


Legislation for school entry immunisation certificates in Victoria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7841254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In 1982 the National Health and Medical Research Council recommended that every state introduce legislation requiring immunisation certificates at school entry. Victoria was the first state to enact such legislation. This paper explores the process and difficulties encountered in achieving this legal requirement, describes the requirements under the legislation as it was finally introduced, and examines the early data available to the state health department regarding its implementation. Compliance with the legislation and immunisation status of children enrolling in government primary schools were ascertained from mid-year census data. In 1992 almost 90 per cent of children complied with the legislation, but because 10.2 per cent of children did not present a certificate it was possible to estimate only the lower limit of statewide coverage at 85 per cent against the prescribed diseases. School entry immunisation legislation may provide an important safety net to identify children with incomplete immunisation. However, the effectiveness of the legislation in Victoria remains unproven, and the requirements of the legislation are demanding for parents, local councils, and schools. The failure to document immunisation status in over 10 per cent of children indicates that further efforts to increase compliance are needed. This will require information on the vaccination status of those without certificates and the reasons they have not complied. The impact of the legislation needs further evaluation, although it may be years before its effectiveness can be gauged. Its effectiveness may depend upon enforcement of the requirement to exclude unimmunised children in disease outbreaks.
Authors:
S C Thompson; R E Goudey; T Stewart
Related Documents :
3427824 - Immunodeficiency following neonatal thymectomy in man.
19945414 - Child immunization coverage in rural hard-to-reach areas of bangladesh.
10323634 - Impact of community volunteers on immunization rates of children younger than 2 years.
19861624 - Coverage of and influences on timely administration of hepatitis b vaccine birth dose i...
22021004 - The use of punctal plugs in children.
12911364 - Comparative evaluation of methods for ensuring the correct position of the tracheal tub...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian journal of public health     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1035-7319     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust J Public Health     Publication Date:  1994 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-09     Completed Date:  1995-03-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105166     Medline TA:  Aust J Public Health     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  261-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Macfarlane Burnet Centre for Medical Research, Melbourne.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Documentation
Humans
Immunization / legislation & jurisprudence*,  utilization
Immunization Programs / legislation & jurisprudence*,  methods,  organization & administration,  standards
Schools / legislation & jurisprudence*
Victoria

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Immunisation practices of general practitioners in metropolitan Sydney.
Next Document:  An evaluation of school entry immunisation certificates in Victoria.