Document Detail

Legionnaire's disease: surveillance in France in 2005
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17988811     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Legionnaire's disease is a recently described infection and surveillance in France was implemented in 1987. In 2005, 1,527 cases were notified corresponding to a population incidence rate of 2.5 per 100,000. The median age of cases was 61 years [5-100] and the male to female sex ratio was 3.0. The case fatality rate was 11%. One or more risk factors were identified for 1,084 (71%) cases. The majority of cases (91%) was diagnosed by urinary antigen detection and a strain was identified in 276 cases (18%). Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 infection was confirmed in 95% of cases. A specific exposure during the incubation period was reported for 39% of cases. Travel exposure was reported for 17% and hospital exposure for 7%. Multiple clusters and outbreaks were investigated. The largest one reported was identified in the north Lyon with 34 cases. Since 1997 the incidence of LD has steadily increased. This probably suggests a better detection of cases and an improvement in the surveillance system. In recent years, several new measures concerning prevention and control were implemented. However these efforts must continue particularly in the research domain to improve knowledge of the disease, in order to limit its impact on exposed populations.
C Campèse; S Jarraud; D Che
Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article     Date:  2007-11-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Médecine et maladies infectieuses     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0399-077X     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Mal Infect     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-26     Completed Date:  2008-02-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0311416     Medline TA:  Med Mal Infect     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  fre     Pagination:  716-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institut de veille sanitaire, 12, rue du Val-d'Osne, 94415 Saint-Maurice cedex, France.
Vernacular Title:
Epidémiologie de la légionellose en France en 2005.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
France / epidemiology
Legionella pneumophila / isolation & purification
Legionnaires' Disease / epidemiology*,  microbiology,  prevention & control,  transmission
Population Surveillance / methods*
Serologic Tests

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