Document Detail


Legionella pneumonia in neonates: a literature review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9730199     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It has recently been recognized that neonates may develop pneumonia as a result of Legionella pneumophila. The objective of this study is to characterize the epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis, clinical features, and outcome of neonatal legionellosis. Review of the literature revealed nine cases of neonatal Legionella infection. Five neonates were term infants and four were preterm. Eight had potential risk factors such as prematurity, congenital heart disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or corticosteroid therapy. Diagnosis was proven by culture in all cases. The main presentation was acute respiratory distress requiring mechanical ventilation. In six infants, the infection had a fatal outcome, including five who were not treated with erythromycin. All the cases were nosocomial, and environmental Legionella was documented in five cases. As has been noted in adults and children with Legionella, early recognition and institution of appropriate therapy are the most important determinants of the prognosis.
Authors:
I Levy; L G Rubin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0743-8346     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinatol     Publication Date:    1998 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-11-17     Completed Date:  1998-11-17     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501884     Medline TA:  J Perinatol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  287-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Schneider Children's Hospital of Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, NY, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cross Infection / epidemiology
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / epidemiology
Legionnaires' Disease / epidemiology*
Male
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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