Document Detail


Legal and regulatory aspects of genetically engineered animals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3458459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The commercialization of genetically engineered food animals will pose a number of legal and regulatory questions. These may be grouped into questions of process and questions of products. The process of animal genetic engineering with artificially constructed vectors will probably be regulated in much the same manner as other veterinary procedures. There may be some discussion, however, as to whether animal drug or animal biologic regulations are more applicable. The products of animal genetic engineering, i.e., transgenic food animals and food products made from them, also raise important questions about product safety and identity. These include whether and how genetically engineered food animals will be subject to federal inspection for wholesomeness, whether artificial vectors, foreign genes, or gene products will adulterate recipient animal tissues, and how food products made from such animals will be labeled. Prior federal experience with the inspection of interspecific hybrids of cattle and buffalo provides a useful basis for further policy developments in the inspection and labeling of genetically engineered food animals. In particular, the inspection of cattle/buffalo hybrids has established a phenotypic (based on appearance) criterion for deciding how novel food animals should be inspected. As the genetic engineering of food animals on a production basis draws nearer, it may be necessary to supplement the phenotypic criterion with genetic (based on pedigree) criteria to assure that the essential characteristics of animals slaughtered under current food statutes are maintained.
Authors:
D D Jones
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Basic life sciences     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0090-5542     ISO Abbreviation:  Basic Life Sci.     Publication Date:  1986  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-06-17     Completed Date:  1986-06-17     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0360077     Medline TA:  Basic Life Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  273-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Husbandry
Animals
Food Labeling
Genetic Engineering*
Legislation, Food*
Meat
Poultry
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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