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Legal Briefing: Brain Death and Total Brain Failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25192349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This issue's "Legal Briefing" column covers recent legal developments involving total brain failure. Death determined by neurological criteria (DDNC) or "brain death" has been legally established for decades in the United States. But recent conflicts between families and hospitals have created some uncertainty. Clinicians are increasingly unsure about the scope of their legal and ethical treatment duties when families object to the withdrawal of physiological support after DDNC. This issue of JCE includes a thorough analysis of one institution's ethics consults illustrating this uncertainty. This experience is not unique. Hospitals across the country are seeing more DDNC disputes. Because of the similarity to medical futility disputes, some court cases on this topic were reviewed in a prior "Legal Briefing" column. But a more systematic review is now warranted. I categorize recent legal developments into the following nine categories: (1) History of Determining Death by Neurological Criteria, (2) Legal Status of Determining Death by Neurological Criteria, (3) Legal Duties to Accommodate Family Objections, (4) Protocols for Determining Death by Neurological Criteria, (5) Court Cases Seeking Physiological Support after DDNC, (6) Court Cases Seeking Damages for Intentionally Premature DDNC, (7) Court Cases Seeking Damages for Negligently Premature DDNC, (8) Court Cases Seeking Damages for Emotional Distress, (9) Pregnancy Limitations on DDNC.
Authors:
Thaddeus Mason Pope
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical ethics     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1046-7890     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Ethics     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114645     Medline TA:  J Clin Ethics     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  245-257     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2014 The Journal of Clinical Ethics. All rights reserved.
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