Document Detail

Left ventricular reconstruction benefits patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and non-viable myocardium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16388958     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: There are subsets of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy for whom the optimal treatment strategies are not clear. The objective of this study was to delineate the relationship between clinical outcomes and surgical procedure in patients who were treated either with a coronary artery bypass graft or with a coronary artery bypass graft and additional ventricular restoration. METHODS: The study population comprised 137 consecutive patients with anterior myocardial infarction. All patients had an ejection fraction <50% and left ventricle end-systolic volume index >80 ml/m(2). The patients were divided into a viable and a non-viable group according to anterior myocardium viability, which was determined by a thallium-201 test. The viable group underwent a revascularization and was randomized into two groups for additional ventricular reconstruction. Group 1a comprised 35 patients with viable anterior wall who underwent surgical revascularization. Group 1b comprised 39 patients with viable anterior wall who underwent surgical revascularization and ventricular restoration. Group 2 comprised 69 patients with non-viable anterior wall who underwent revascularization and ventricular reconstruction. The preoperative and postoperative ejection fractions, end-systolic volume, mitral regurgitation, mortality, and heart failure symptoms were compared among groups. RESULTS: Complete 2-year follow-up was achieved in 127 (92.7%) patients. Ejection fraction improved in all groups compared with preoperative values and it was greater in group 1b than in group 1a (p<0.001) at 2 years. There were no postoperative deaths in group 1a, one in group 1b, and two in group 2. After 2 years, group 1b was significantly smaller than group 1a (p<0.01) in relation to mitral regurgitation of grades 1 to 2+. End-systolic volume was significantly smaller in group 1b than in group 1a (p<0.001), it was smaller in group 1a than in group 2 (p<0.001), and it was smaller in group 1b than in group 2 (p<0.001). Heart failure class (NYHA) was reduced in all groups and events were significantly smaller in patients with end-systolic volume lesser than 120 ml/m(2) (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated that the short-term and mid-term outcomes of coronary artery surgery alone in patients with a large left ventricle are inferior to coronary artery surgery plus ventricular restoration.
Gustavo Aguiar Ribeiro; Cledicyon Eloy da Costa; Mauricio M Lopes; Ana Nunes Albuquerque; Fernando Antoniali; Gleice Agnes A Reinert; Kleber G Franchini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2006-01-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1010-7940     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-23     Completed Date:  2006-05-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  196-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
Clinic of Cardio-Surgery at Campinas, Rua Jose Teodoro de Lima 77, ap 62, Cambuí, 130150-150 Campinas, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Coronary Artery Bypass / methods*
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Ventricles / pathology,  physiopathology,  surgery
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / etiology
Myocardial Infarction / pathology,  physiopathology
Myocardial Ischemia / pathology*,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Postoperative Complications
Prospective Studies
Stroke Volume / physiology
Survival Rate
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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