Document Detail

Left ventricular pressure-volume relationships before and after cardiomyoplasty in patients with heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9386165     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to elucidate whether beneficial effects of cardiomyoplasty (CMP) in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy are the result of a decrease in existing ventricular dilatation or a prevention of further dilatation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Combined micromanometer-conductance catheters were used to evaluate left ventricular pressure-volume relationships in six patients with dilated cardiomyopathy before and at 6 and 12 months after CMP. Acute changes in preload and afterload were induced by a standardized leg-tilting intervention and a bolus infusion of nitroglycerin. After CMP, end-diastolic volume (EDV) decreased from 138+/-10 to 103+/-18 mL/m2 (P<.01) at 6 months and to 83+/-17 mL/m2 (P<.01) at 12 months. End-diastolic pressure (EDP) decreased from 20.2+/-6.4 to 13.9+/-7.7 mm Hg (P<.01) at 6 months after CMP. Peak ejection rate and ejection fraction increased at 6 months after CMP from 594+/-214 to 799+/-214 mL/s (P<.05) and from 26.6+/-4.7% to 40.1+/-8.3% (P<.05), respectively. Peak dP/dt decreased at 12 months after CMP from -842+/-142 to -712+/-168 mm Hg/s (P<.05). Leg-tilting before CMP increased EDP from 20.2+/-6.4 to 25.6+/-5.2 mm Hg (P<.01), end-systolic pressure (ESP) from 118+/-17 to 122+/-17 mm Hg (P<.05), and tau from 50.8+/-2.8 to 53.8+/-2.3 ms (P<.05). Six months after CMP, leg-tilting also increased EDV from 103+/-18 to 110+/-22 mL/m2 (P<.05) and ESV from 62+/-14 to 66+/-14 mL/m2 (P<.05). Before CMP, nitroglycerin decreased EDP from 20.2+/-6.4 to 10.4+/-3.8 mm Hg (P<.01), ESP from 118+/-17 to 96+/-11 mm Hg (P<.05), ESV from 100+/-11 to 89+/-7 mL/m2 (P<.05), and tau from 50.8+/-2.8 to 44.5+/-3.7 ms (P<.05). Six months after CMP, nitroglycerin decreased EDP, ESP, and tau to similar values. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that up to 1 year after CMP, marked decreases in left ventricular volume are present. Our measurements suggest that CMP actively reduced the dilated ventricle but did not prevent a higher EDV on an increased venous return. The latissimus dorsi muscle wrap contraction results in better synchronization of contraction and more rapid emptying of the left ventricle.
J J Schreuder; F H van der Veen; E T van der Velde; F Delahaye; O Alfieri; O Jegaden; R Lorusso; J R Jansen; S A Hoeksel; G Finet; M Volterrani; H G Kaulbach; J Baan; H J Wellens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  96     ISSN:  0009-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  1997 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-12-12     Completed Date:  1997-12-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2978-86     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Anesthesiology and Cardiology, Cardiovascular Research Institute, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands. JSCHR@SANE.AZM.NL
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MeSH Terms
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / physiopathology*,  surgery
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Middle Aged
Nitroglycerin / pharmacology
Ventricular Function, Left*
Reg. No./Substance:

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