Document Detail


Left ventricular noncompaction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19318934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Isolated left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a myocardial disorder characterized by excessive and prominent trabeculations of the left ventricle, associated with progressive systolic failure, stroke and arrhythmia. Until quite recently, LVNC was thought to be extremely rare, but, with greater awareness of the disease and improvements in echocardiographic technology, there has been a dramatic increase in the frequency of diagnosis. Recent studies suggest that the frequency of LVNC is determined in part by the diagnostic criteria used. RECENT FINDINGS: Up to 50% of adult patients with LVNC have mutations in genes encoding proteins of the cardiac sarcomere, suggesting that LVNC might represent a new disease paradigm in which mutations that more typically cause dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathies result in abnormal ventricular morphogenesis. SUMMARY: In this review, we briefly summarize current clinical literature on LVNC, with a particular focus on the limitations of current diagnostic criteria and emerging data on the genetics of the disorder.
Authors:
Antonios A Pantazis; Perry M Elliott
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in cardiology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1531-7080     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Opin. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2009 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-22     Completed Date:  2009-07-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608087     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  209-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Heart Hospital, University College London/University College London Hospital, London W1G 8PH, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnosis,  genetics*,  therapy

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