Document Detail


Left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony by phase analysis of gated single photon emission computed tomography in end-stage renal disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20854972     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The presence and degree of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has not been well studied. We hypothesized that these patients would be more likely to have mechanical dyssynchrony than a control cohort. The indexes of LV mechanical dyssynchrony were measured by automated analysis of gated single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging in 290 patients with ESRD and 109 control patients. Only patients with normal myocardial perfusion imaging findings and a narrow QRS duration were included. The following variables were derived: LV ejection fraction (EF), volume, mass, and 2 indexes of dyssynchrony, the standard deviation and bandwidth. The standard deviation and bandwidth were significantly greater in those with ESRD (23° ± 13° vs 15° ± 6° and 65° ± 40° vs 42° ± 14°, respectively, p <0.001 for each). The LV volumes and LV mass were significantly lower and LVEF significantly greater in the control group than in the patients with ESRD (p <0.001 for each). The subgroup of 217 patients with ESRD and normal LVEF also had a significantly greater standard deviation and bandwidth than did the control group (21° ± 12° and 57° ± 35°, p <0.001 for each). However, their values were lower than those of the 73 patients with ESRD and a LVEF <50% (30° ± 13° and 90° ± 45°, p <0.001 for each). Finally, 25 patients (9%) with ESRD and none of the control group had a standard deviation >43° (p = 0.01). In conclusion, patients with ESRD had significantly more mechanical dyssynchrony than did the control group, even in absence of electrical dyssynchrony and abnormal LV perfusion or function.
Authors:
Wael Aljaroudi; Jayanth Koneru; Fahad Iqbal; Himanshu Aggarwal; Jaekyeong Heo; Ami E Iskandrian
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  106     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-21     Completed Date:  2010-10-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1042-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. wjaroudi@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Case-Control Studies
Female
Humans
Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Perfusion Imaging / methods*
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon*
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnosis*,  etiology*,  physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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