Document Detail

Left ventricular hypertrophy: a comparison among Kurdish patients with first-ever ischemic versus first-ever hemorrhagic stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24341054     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) has been proposed to be associated with an increased risk of stroke. We compared the prevalence of LVH among patients with first-ever ischemic versus first-ever hemorrhagic strokes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational study, which was conducted at the Sulaimaniya general teaching hospital from November 2009 to March 2012, involved 100 consecutive patients with their first-ever stroke. Fifty patients had ischemic stroke while the rest (n = 50) developed hemorrhagic stroke. The presence of LVH was detected using transthoracic echocardiography and a comparison with respect to its prevalence between the 2 aforementioned groups was made.
RESULTS: The mean age of patients in the hemorrhagic group was 61.7 +/- SD 11.2 years while in the ischemic group it was 63.9 +/- SD 6.1 years. Out of 100 patients, 66 (66%) patients were males (31 in the hemorrhagic group and 35 in the ischemic group) while the rest (n = 34; 34%) were females (19 in the hemorrhagic group and 15 in the ischemic one). Ninety one (91%) patients were hypertensive (47 in the hemorrhagic group and 34 in the ischemic group). Fifty three (53%) out of 100 patients demonstrated LVH (31 in the hemorrhagic group and 22 in the ischemic group). A head-to-head comparison between the two groups with respect to gender demonstrated no statistically significant difference in terms of the presence of LVH among patients with hemorrhagic versus ischemic strokes; males (P value < 0.26; 95% CI 3.4-39.3); females (P value < 0.43; 95% CI 16.7-43.8). However, a univariate analysis after correction for age and gender revealed a statistically significant difference between these groups (P-value < 0.001; 95% CI 2.7-46.2).
CONCLUSION: LVH was more common in Kurdish patients with first-ever hemorrhagic stroke than in those who had sustained their first-ever ischemic stroke. Further analytic studies are required to clarify the prevalence of LVH in patients with ischemic stroke.
Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Observational Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical archives (Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina)     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0350-199X     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Arch     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-13     Completed Date:  2014-02-04     Revised Date:  2014-07-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101635337     Medline TA:  Med Arch     Country:  Bosnia and Hercegovina    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Brain Ischemia* / ethnology,  etiology
Echocardiography / methods
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular* / complications,  diagnosis,  epidemiology
Intracranial Hemorrhages* / ethnology,  etiology
Iraq / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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