Document Detail

Left ventricular function quantified by myocardial strain imaging in small-breed dogs with chronic mitral regurgitation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22361170     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The presence of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction may influence prognosis or therapy in dogs with chronic mitral regurgitation (MR). Assessment of LV function in MR by conventional echocardiography is confounded by altered ventricular loading. Myocardial deformation (strain) imaging might offer more sensitive estimates of LV function in this disease. OBJECTIVE: Prospectively measure myocardial strain in dogs with asymptomatic MR compared to a control group. ANIMALS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty healthy dogs (3.5-11.5 kg): 20 Controls; 20 dogs with MR and LV remodeling (Stage B2), were evaluated in this study. LV size and function were assessed in a short-axis plane. Segmental radial strain and strain rate and global circumferential strain were measured using a 2D echocardiographic speckle-tracking algorithm (GE EchoPAC). Groups were compared using Bonferroni t-tests. Influences of heart rate and body weight were explored with linear regression. RESULTS: The MR group had significantly greater mean values for heart rate, LV size, and LV systolic function. Specifically, LV diastolic diameter, diastole area, shortening fraction, averaged peak systolic and early diastolic radial strain, global circumferential strain, and averaged radial strain rate were significantly greater in the MR group (p < 0.015 to p < 0.001). Strain was unrelated to weight, but weakly correlated with heart rate. CONCLUSIONS: Similar to conventional indices, Stage B2 dogs with MR demonstrate hyperdynamic deformation in the short-axis plane. Short-axis strain variables measured by 2D speckle tracking are greater than for controls of similar age and weight. These results imply either preserved LV systolic function or that LV dysfunction is masked by altered ventricular loading.
Danielle N Smith; John D Bonagura; Nicole M Culwell; Karsten E Schober
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary cardiology : the official journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1875-0834     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101163270     Medline TA:  J Vet Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences and the Veterinary Medical Center, The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, 601 Vernon L Tharp St. Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
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