Document Detail

Left ventricular epicardial lead implantation via left minithoracotomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19707973     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The transvenous placement of left ventricular epicardial leads is limited by long procedure times, high procedural failure rates and limited sites for lead placement. Open surgical approaches are used primarily after failure of the transvenous approach but provide additional important benefits. This study assesses the surgical outcomes of left anterior minithoracotomy for the implantation of left ventricular epicardial pacing leads in cardiac resynchronization therapy. METHODS: Eleven patients were referred for open left ventricular epicardial lead placement. Mean patient age was 66.2 (59-77) years. The patients had New York Heart Association class III (II-IV) heart failure, a mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 18 +/- 5 % and mean QRS duration of 177 +/- 29 milliseconds. RESULTS: Left ventricular epicardial leads were successfully placed in all patients. Mean surgery time was 101 +/- 33 minutes and intraoperative lead parameters were: R wave 14.5 +/- 9.8 millivolts, lead threshold 1.4 +/- 0.9 volts at 0.5 milliseconds, impedance 1127 +/- 693 ohms. Impedance was statistically different at 40 +/- 25 weeks with 571 +/- 199 ohms ( P = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS: Left ventricular epicardial lead implantation via left anterior minithoracotomy is safe and effective.
E J Lehr; C Ye; S Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-08-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1439-1902     ISO Abbreviation:  Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-26     Completed Date:  2009-11-12     Revised Date:  2010-05-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903387     Medline TA:  Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  329-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart New York.
East Carolina Heart Institute, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27834, United States.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial* / adverse effects
Heart Failure / mortality,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Heart Ventricles / physiopathology,  surgery*
Kaplan-Meiers Estimate
Middle Aged
Pacemaker, Artificial*
Retrospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Stroke Volume
Thoracotomy / adverse effects,  methods*
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Erratum In:
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Dec;57(8):504

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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