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Left ventricular dyssynchrony in patients with end-stage liver disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21479756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Limited published data suggested that patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) might have "cirrhotic cardiomyopathy," which could have an earlier stage manifested by mechanical dyssynchrony before left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied consecutive patients with ESLD who had a stress-gated Tc-99m sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging between 2008 and 2010 prior to liver transplant. Patients with LVEF < 50%, abnormal perfusion, or QRS ≥ 120 ms were excluded. Baseline demographics, co-morbidities, model for ESLD (MELD) score, LV volumes, mass, ejection fraction (EF), and dyssynchrony indices (standard deviation and bandwidth) were extracted. The phase indices were compared to a normal cohort. There were 179 patients with a mean age 53 ± 8 years, LVEF 72 ± 10%. Hepatitis C, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, and alcohol abuse were the most common cause of liver cirrhosis (40%, 18%, and 14%, respectively). Patients with ESLD had similar standard deviation (14 ± 8° vs 15 ± 6°, P = NS) and bandwidth (41 ± 25° vs 42 ± 14°, P = NS) to the normal cohort. Only four patients (2%) had a standard deviation >27° (mean + 2 SD of the control group). The phase standard deviations and bandwidth similar in patients with MELD scores of ≤10, 11-18, 19-24, and ≥25 (P = NS for both). There was no correlation between the MELD score and standard deviation or bandwidth (r = -0.044 and -0.068, respectively, P = NS for both). Also, there was no correlation between the QTc and dyssynchrony indices. After 1-year follow-up, 22 patients died (12%). The dyssynchrony indices were similar among those who died and those who survived. CONCLUSION: Patients with ESLD and normal EF have no evidence for LV dyssynchrony.
Authors:
Wael Aljaroudi; Himanshu Aggarwal; Fahad Iqbal; Jaekyeong Heo; Ami E Iskandrian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6551     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423534     Medline TA:  J Nucl Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Section of Cardiovascular Imaging, Cleveland Clinic, Mail Code J1-5, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA, aljarow@ccf.org.
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