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Left ventricular dyssynchrony is associated with recurrence of ischemic mitral regurgitation after restrictive annuloplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23044432     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: In our study, we investigated the impact of papillary muscle systolic dyssynchrony (DYS-PAP) obtained by 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) in the prediction of recurrent ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) after restrictive annuloplasty. METHODS: The study population consisted of 524 consecutive patients who survived coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and restrictive annuloplasty, performed between 2001 and 2010 at 3 different Institutions and who met inclusion criteria. The assessment of DYS-PAP was performed preoperatively and at follow-up (median 45.3months [IQR 26-67]) by 2D-STE in the apical four-chamber view for the anterolateral papillary muscle (ALPM) and apical long-axis view for the posteromedial papillary muscle (PMPM). RESULTS: Recurrence of MR (≥2+ in patients with no/trivial MR at discharge) was found in 112 patients (21.3%) at follow-up. Compared to patients without recurrence of MR, these patients had higher DYS-PAP values at baseline (60.6±4.4ms vs. 47.2±2.9ms, p<0.001) which significantly worsened at follow-up (74.4±5.2ms, p=0.002 vs. baseline). In contrast, in patients with no MR recurrence, DYS-PAP was significantly reduced (25.3±4.4ms, p=0.002 vs. baseline). At logistic regression analysis DYS-PAP (odds ratio [OR]: 4.8, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 3.4-8.2, p<0.001), was the strongest predictor of recurrent MR with a cutoff ≥58ms (95%CI 51-66ms). The model showed an area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.97 (CI 0.94-0.99 [optimism-corrected 0.94; CI 0.89-0.95]) with 98% sensitivity (CI 96-100% [optimism-corrected 95%; CI 91-96%]) and 90% specificity (CI 85-94% [optimism-corrected 87%; CI 82-90%]). CONCLUSIONS: DYS-PAP represents a reliable tool to identify patients with ischemic MR who can benefit from restrictive annuloplasty.
Leen van Garsse; Sandro Gelsomino; Fabiana Lucà; Orlando Parise; Roberto Lorusso; Emile Cheriex; Sabina Caciolli; Enrico Vizzardi; Carmelo Massimiliano Rao; Rocco Carella; Gian Franco Gensini; Jos Maessen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospital, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
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