Document Detail


Left ventricle radio-frequency ablation in the rat: a new model of heart failure due to myocardial infarction homogeneous in size and low in mortality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19643366     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the current study was to create a model of myocardial infarction (MI) that is homogeneous in size with a low immediate (24 hours) mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male and female rats (n = 256) underwent left ventricle (LV) ablation (Ab) by a radiofrequency current (1000 kHz; 12 watts for 12 seconds) to promote a MI. A transmural MI occurred in all rats. Post-Ab complex arrhythmias were frequent (atrioventricular block, ventricular tachycardia, and fibrillation), which rapidly and spontaneously reverted to sinus rhythm. Among 66 male rats, immediate mortality occurred in 7.5%. Small MI size dispersion was characterized by smaller variability following Ab (x +/- SD: 45 +/- 8%) when compared with coronary occlusion (Oc; 40 +/- 19%). The histopathologic evaluations identified lesions similar to those which occurred following Oc, with scarring complete at 4 weeks. The hemodynamic and Doppler echocardiograms showed comparable increases in LV dimension, end-diastolic pressure, and pulmonary water content 1 and 4 weeks post-MI. Papillary muscle mechanics 6 weeks post-MI had matched inotropic and lusitropic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: LV Ab gave rise to a MI within a narrow size limit and with a low immediate mortality. LV Ab resulted in histopathologic evolution, ventricular dilation, and dysfunction, impairment in myocardial mechanics, and congestive outcome that reproduced a MI from Oc.
Authors:
Ednei L Antonio; Alexandra A Dos Santos; Sérgio R R Araujo; Danilo S Bocalini; Leonardo Dos Santos; Guilherme Fenelon; Marcelo F Franco; Paulo J F Tucci
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-03-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiac failure     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1532-8414     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Card. Fail.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9442138     Medline TA:  J Card Fail     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  540-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, Cardiovascular Division, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Brazil.
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