Document Detail

Left-sided and duplicate inferior vena cava: a case series and review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22576868     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Left-sided and duplicate inferior vena cava (IVC) are two major anatomical variants within the spectrum of IVC malformations, both of which are developmental abnormalities of the supracardinal veins. Four clinical cases are described to highlight the computed tomographic appearances of these vascular malformations and provide novel data on venous dimensions. A systematic review of the recent literature (2000-2011) was conducted focusing on the anatomy, demographics, and associated pathology (congenital and acquired) of isolated left-sided and duplicate IVC. A total of 73 relevant articles were retrieved, consisting of case reports and small case series. The prevalence of left-sided IVC is about 0.1-0.4% and that for duplicate IVC about 0.3-0.4%; both anomalies show a slight male preponderance. In each condition, there are documented variations in the course and tributaries of the IVC. The clinical importance of these anomalies lies in three principal areas: the potential for misdiagnosis on imaging; technical difficulties during retroperitoneal surgery (particularly abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and live donor nephrectomy); and their significance in relation to the etiology and management of venous thromboembolism.
Wee Choen Ang; Terry Doyle; Mark D Stringer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2012-05-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1098-2353     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Anat     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-29     Completed Date:  2014-06-27     Revised Date:  2014-10-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809128     Medline TA:  Clin Anat     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  990-1001     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Anatomic Variation
Middle Aged
Vena Cava, Inferior / abnormalities*,  radiography
Comment In:
Clin Anat. 2014 Oct;27(7):948-9   [PMID:  24687812 ]
Clin Anat. 2013 Nov;26(8):921   [PMID:  23408703 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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