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Left atrial volume is an independent predictor of mortality in CAPD patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21430181     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is an established technique to estimate the risk for cardiovascular complications in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). An enlarged left atrium (LA) has recently emerged as a marker of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in various pathologic conditions. However, there have been few studies to evaluate its prognostic value in patients with ESRD, particularly those receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study to investigate whether enlarged LA can predict patient outcome in 216 patients with CAPD. Study outcomes were all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. RESULTS: Increased left atrium volume index (LAVI > 32 mL/m(2)) was observed in 99 (45.8%) of the CAPD patients. During the follow-up (26.3 ± 18.6 months), 20 patients (9.3%) died. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the 5-year survival rate was significantly lower in patients with LAVI > 32 mL/m(2) than those with LAVI ≤ 32 mL/m(2) (69 versus 82%, P = 0.024). In multivariate analyses adjusted for echocardiographic parameters and clinical and laboratory data, increased LAVI was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 1.05, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01-1.10, P = 0.03] and cardiovascular mortality (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.02-1.14, P = 0.006). Furthermore, increased LAVI provided the highest predictive value for all-cause mortality [area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) = 0.766, P < 0.001] and cardiovascular mortality (AUC = 0.836, P < 0.001) among the measured echocardiographic parameters. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that increased LAVI predicted adverse outcomes better than other echocardiographic parameters in patients with CAPD.
Authors:
Seung Jun Kim; Seung Hyeok Han; Jung Tak Park; Jwa-Kyung Kim; Hyung Jung Oh; Dong Eun Yoo; Tae-Hyun Yoo; Shin-Wook Kang; Kyu Hun Choi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2385     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706402     Medline TA:  Nephrol Dial Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
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