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Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in a Population Sample of Elderly Men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11175062     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Echocardiography with Doppler has been widely used to assess left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. Interpretation of the diastolic indices that are derived, however, is confounded by the effects of physiological aging on the LV diastolic function. In this study, the usefulness of different Doppler-derived indices of LV diastolic function was assessed in elderly subjects by using data from a health screening survey of 584 men aged 70 years. RESULTS: The index of early versus late transmitral blood flow, the E/A ratio, was found to be reduced in the apparently healthy subgroup (n = 195) of the population (0.96 +/- 0.25) compared with previous data from middle-aged subjects. However, E/A ratios similar to those in the apparently healthy subjects were found in subjects with coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. Only subjects with systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction < 40%) showed a significantly decreased E/A ratio (0.79 +/- 0.21, P < 0.05) compared with the apparently healthy subjects. Isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) was, however, significantly prolonged in subjects with CHD or hypertension compared with the apparently healthy subjects (139 +/- 32, 127 +/- 25, and 118 +/- 21 milliseconds, respectively; P < 0.01), whereas the E wave deceleration times (DT) were alike in both apparently healthy and unhealthy subjects. The diastolic and systolic components of the pulmonary venous blood flow were alike in apparently healthy and unhealthy subjects. Left atrial size was increased in all patients with disease, possibly indicating increased preload. CONCLUSION: In this population sample of elderly men, the commonly used E/A ratio did not distinguish between apparently healthy subjects and those with cardiovascular diseases such as CHD or hypertension, which are known to be associated with LV diastolic dysfunction in the middle-aged population. IVRT appeared to be the most sensitive of the Doppler-derived indices of LV diastolic function used in the present study, but for this variable, the differences between apparently healthy subjects and unhealthy subjects were small. Thus, the age-associated changes in LV compliance appear to override the impact of these disorders on indices of LV diastolic function in elderly populations.
Authors:
Bertil Andrén; Lars Lind; Göran Hedenstierna; Hans Lithell
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  1998 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-Feb-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  433-450     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Physiology, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
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