Document Detail


Learning-style bias and the development of psychopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23342959     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In accordance with a recently proposed account of amygdala function in psychopathy, it is hypothesized that people with high levels of psychopathic personality traits have a bias in learning style to encode the general valence, and neglect the specific-features, of an outcome. We present a novel learning task designed to operationalize these biases in learning style. The results from pilot samples of healthy adults and children and from a clinical sample of children with conduct problems provide support for the validity of the learning task as a measure of learning style and demonstrate a significant relationship between general-valence style learning and psychopathic personality traits. It is suggested that this relationship may be important for the aetiology of the social-cognitive deficits exhibited by psychopaths. These preliminary results suggest that this measure of learning style has the potential to be utilized as a research tool and may assist with the early identification, and treatment, of children with conduct problems and high levels of callous-unemotional traits.
Authors:
Caroline Moul; Mark R Dadds
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality disorders     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1943-2763     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pers. Disord.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710838     Medline TA:  J Pers Disord     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
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