Document Detail

Learning how actions function: the role of outcomes in infants' representation of events.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21429585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Action is a fundamental component of object representations. However, little is known about how infants represent actions performed on objects. Across four experiments, we tested the hypothesis that at 10 months of age (N=80) infants represent the general ability of actions to produce outcomes (sounds). Experiments 1A and 1B showed that infants encode actions and associate actions and object appearances in events in which actions produced no sound outcomes. Experiment 2 showed that infants associate the presence or absence of outcomes with actions. Experiment 3 showed, in contrast, that infants did not associate the presence or absence of outcomes with object appearances. Together, these studies suggest that infants encode the outcome potential of specific actions. We discuss the implications of these findings for our understanding of the development of action representations.
Sammy Perone; Kelly L Madole; Lisa M Oakes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2011-03-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-06     Completed Date:  2012-05-29     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  351-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
University of Iowa, IA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation / methods
Association Learning / physiology*
Imitative Behavior / physiology*
Movement / physiology*
Photic Stimulation / methods
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Visual Perception / physiology
Grant Support

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