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Leading compounds for the validation of animal models of psychopathology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23942897     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Modelling of complex psychiatric disorders, e.g., depression and schizophrenia, in animals is a major challenge, since they are characterized by certain disturbances in functions that are absolutely unique to humans. Furthermore, we still have not identified the genetic and neurobiological mechanisms, nor do we know precisely the circuits in the brain that function abnormally in mood and psychotic disorders. Consequently, the pharmacological treatments used are mostly variations on a theme that was started more than 50 years ago. Thus, progress in novel drug development with improved therapeutic efficacy would benefit greatly from improved animal models. Here, we review the available animal models of depression and schizophrenia and focus on the way that they respond to various types of potential candidate molecules, such as novel antidepressant or antipsychotic drugs, as an index of predictive validity. We conclude that the generation of convincing and useful animal models of mental illnesses could be a bridge to success in drug discovery.
Authors:
Vincenzo Micale; Jana Kucerova; Alexandra Sulcova
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-8-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell and tissue research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0878     ISO Abbreviation:  Cell Tissue Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-8-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417625     Medline TA:  Cell Tissue Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
CEITEC-Central European Institute of Technology, Masaryk University, Kamenice 5, 625 00, Brno, Czech Republic, vincenzomicale@inwind.it.
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