Document Detail


Leaded eyeglasses substantially reduce radiation exposure of the surgeon's eyes during acquisition of typical fluoroscopic views of the hip and pelvis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23864179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations to do so, few orthopaedists wear leaded glasses when performing operative fluoroscopy. Radiation exposure to the ocular lens causes cataracts, and regulatory limits for maximum annual occupational exposure to the eye continue to be revised downward.
METHODS: Using anthropomorphic patient and surgeon phantoms, radiation dose at the surgeon phantom's lens was measured with and without leaded glasses during fluoroscopic acquisition of sixteen common pelvic and hip views. The magnitude of lens dose reduction from leaded glasses was calculated by dividing the unprotected dose by the dose measured behind leaded glasses.
RESULTS: On average, the use of leaded glasses reduced radiation to the surgeon phantom's eye by tenfold, a 90% reduction in dose. However, there was widespread variation in the amount of radiation that reached the phantom surgeon's eye among the various radiographic projections we studied. Without leaded glasses, the dose measured at the surgeon's lens varied more than 250-fold among these sixteen different views.
CONCLUSIONS: In addition to protecting the surgeon's eye from the deleterious effects of radiation, the use of leaded glasses could permit an orthopaedist to perform fluoroscopic views on up to ten times more patients before reaching the annual dose limit of 20 mSv of radiation to the eye recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection. Personal safety and adherence to limits of occupational radiation exposure should compel orthopaedists to wear leaded glasses for fluoroscopic procedures if other protective barriers are not in use.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Leaded glasses are a powerful tool for reducing the orthopaedic surgeon's lens exposure to radiation during acquisition of common intraoperative fluoroscopic views.
Authors:
Sean Burns; Raymond Thornton; Lawrence T Dauer; Brian Quinn; Daniel Miodownik; David J Hak
Related Documents :
17666479 - Increased daytime somnolence despite normal sleep patterns in patients treated for nonf...
11053959 - Periodic arm movements in patients with the restless legs syndrome.
17052349 - The use of sleep aids among emergency medicine residents: a web based survey.
8365289 - A cause of excessive daytime sleepiness. the upper airway resistance syndrome.
11403529 - Arousal components which differentiate the mwt from the mslt.
10380949 - The effects of a 20-min nap at noon on sleepiness, performance and eeg activity.
21474969 - Corneal hysteresis in normal subjects and in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma ...
20935819 - Light and color in the open air-introduction by the feature editors.
95419 - Late complications of retrolental fibroplasia.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1535-1386     ISO Abbreviation:  J Bone Joint Surg Am     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-18     Completed Date:  2013-09-23     Revised Date:  2013-11-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014030     Medline TA:  J Bone Joint Surg Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1307-11     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Eye / radiation effects
Eyeglasses*
Fluoroscopy / adverse effects*
Hip / radiography
Humans
Occupational Exposure / prevention & control*
Orthopedic Procedures*
Pelvis / radiography
Radiation Protection*
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Z Orthop Unfall. 2013 Oct;151(5):438   [PMID:  24278984 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty for primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis in patients with a bicon...
Next Document:  Quantitative assessment of the yield of osteoblastic connective tissue progenitors in bone marrow as...