Document Detail


Lead use in California industry: its prevalence and health implications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1951050     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An estimated 230,000 workers were reported to work in lead-using activities as a result of a 1986 statistical survey of employers in California. However, 68% of these workers worked in activities of relatively low hazard. This included 114,000 workers engaged in electronic soldering. Over 1800 workers were reported to work in battery manufacture, a relatively high-hazard activity, but with consistent monitoring and protection. In contrast, over 4300 workers were involved in radiator repair activities, a high-hazard activity with inconsistent monitoring and protection. Over 8% of construction workers were reported to work in lead-using processes. This sector is exempt from federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (Fed/OSHA) and California Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA) lead standards, yet some of the most hazardous activities (welding, grinding, and cutting, etc.) occurred here. Comparison of projections from the National Occupational Hazard Survey of potential lead exposure in California with these survey results suggests consistent and reliable assessment of the major sources of potential occupational exposure to lead.
Authors:
D S Sharp; C Perkins; S J Samuels; J Rosenberg; L Rudolph
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American Industrial Hygiene Association journal     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0002-8894     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Ind Hyg Assoc J     Publication Date:  1991 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-12-19     Completed Date:  1991-12-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0371160     Medline TA:  Am Ind Hyg Assoc J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  409-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
California Occupational Health Program, California Department of Health Services, Berkerley 94704.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
California
Environmental Monitoring
Humans
Lead*
Occupational Exposure*
Occupations
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
United States
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Welding
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
U53/CCU 900775-02//PHS HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7439-92-1/Lead

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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