Document Detail

Lead retention mechanisms and hydraulic conductivity studies of various bentonites for geoenvironment applications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18661734     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Four bentonites from various sources were exposed to batch adsorption testing, selective sequential extraction and consolidation tests to investigate their metal retention capacity and hydraulic conductivity for geoenvironmental application such as in clay barrier materials. The Japanese bentonites (JB1-JB3) contain approximately 2-4% of carbonate and trace amount of zeolite (JB2 and JB3), whereas the US bentonite has < 1% carbonate and no zeolite. The rank of smectite content in the bentonites are USB > JB1 > JB3 > JB2. The materials ranked as JB2 approximately JB3 > JB1 > USB, according to retention capacity, while after the removal of carbonate the retention capacity order was JB1 approximately JB2 approximately JB3 > USB. SSE results indicate that carbonate plays a major role at low Pb solution concentration and precipitate as PbCO3. Once the carbonate is exhausted, the clay composition dominates the sorption process. The hydraulic conductivity of the bentonite mixtures (basalt + 10% bentonite) using water was kUSB < kJB1 < kJB3 < kJB2, consistent with the smectite content and swelling power, with USB having the highest proportion of smectite. Among the Japanese bentonites studied, JB1 is the best candidate for barrier material, comparable to the widely used USB.
A Nakano; L Y Li; M Ohtsubo; A K Mishra; T Higashi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental technology     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0959-3330     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Technol     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-29     Completed Date:  2008-11-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9884939     Medline TA:  Environ Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  505-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Bioproduction Environmental Science, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Fukuoka, 812-85, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Bentonite / chemistry*
Carbonates / analysis
Engineering / methods
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Lead / chemistry*
Particle Size
Specific Gravity
Surface Properties
X-Ray Diffraction
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbonates; 1302-78-9/Bentonite; 7439-92-1/Lead

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