Document Detail


Lead levels in the household environment of children in three high-risk communities in California.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7729387     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To assess environmental lead contamination in the household environment of children in high-risk areas of California, three urban locations were surveyed by the California Department of Health Services. Plant, soil, and dust lead levels were measured and a questionnaire was administered. This survey estimates that 3 million homes in California (27%) may have exterior paint lead levels > or = 5000 ppm, and 1.3 million homes (12%) may have interior paint lead levels > or = 5000 ppm. The highest concentrations of lead in paint were found on exterior surfaces and, for homes built between 1920 and 1959, on trim. Age of housing was the best predictor of lead in soil and dust; homes built before 1920 were 10 times more likely to have soil lead levels > or = 500 ppm compared to post-1950 homes. Most of the variability in dust lead levels could not be explained by factors measured in this survey. Sources of lead in the home were more highly correlated with lead dust concentration levels than they were with lead dust loading levels. Households with members reporting a lead job were twice as likely to have high dust lead levels compared to households with no one reporting a lead job. The significant differences in dust lead concentration levels between communities were not reflected in differences in dust lead loading levels. Measuring dust lead loading levels does not appear to be a meaningful sampling method for risk assessment in the context of prioritizing abatement.
Authors:
P M Sutton; M Athanasoulis; P Flessel; G Guirguis; M Haan; R Schlag; L R Goldman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental research     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0013-9351     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Res.     Publication Date:  1995 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-05-30     Completed Date:  1995-05-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147621     Medline TA:  Environ Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  45-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
California Public Health Foundation, Berkeley 94704, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
California / epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Dust / analysis
Environmental Exposure / adverse effects*
Housing*
Humans
Infant
Lead / adverse effects,  analysis*
Lead Poisoning / epidemiology*,  etiology
Paint / analysis
Questionnaires
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Soil / analysis
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dust; 0/Soil; 7439-92-1/Lead

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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