Document Detail


Leaching and transformability of transgenic DNA in unsaturated soil columns.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19828198     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Unsaturated soil columns were used to examine the transport of the plasmid pLEPO1 and plant DNA (transplastomic tobacco DNA), both carrying an antibiotic resistance gene (aadA gene), and the capacity of bacteria to incorporate the gene in their genome after its passage through the soil. Soil columns containing a top leaf layer had sterile water percolated through them at a rate of 0.5mLh(-1). DNA from column leachate water was extracted and analyzed. Quantitative measurements included total DNA concentrations in the water and the transformation frequencies of Acinetobacter sp. BD413 by DNA in the column effluent. Qualitative measurements included the relative degradation of DNA after passage in the columns by agarose gel electrophoresis and the potential of effluent DNA to transform bacteria, leading to the production of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The presence of aadA gene in the leachate water of soil columns suggests the mobility of DNA in unsaturated soil medium. The extent of DNA degradation was found to be proportional to its residence time in the soil column while a fraction of DNA was always able to incorporate into the Acinetobacter genome under all conditions studied. These results suggest that biologically active transgenic DNA might be transported downward by rain in unsaturated soils.
Authors:
John Pot??; Maria Teresa Ceccherini; Walter Rosselli; Walter Wildi; Pascal Simonet; Timothy M Vogel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-10-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecotoxicology and environmental safety     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1090-2414     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-10     Completed Date:  2010-01-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805381     Medline TA:  Ecotoxicol Environ Saf     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Environmental Microbial Genomics Group, Laboratoire AMPERE, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 36 avenue Guy de Collongue, 69134 Ecully, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adsorption
DNA / analysis,  chemistry*,  genetics
Drug Resistance, Microbial / genetics
Electrophoresis, Agar Gel
Plasmids
Soil / analysis*
Transformation, Genetic*
Transgenes
Water / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Soil; 7732-18-5/Water; 9007-49-2/DNA

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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