Document Detail

Layer-specific analysis of myocardial deformation for assessment of infarct transmurality: comparison of strain-encoded cardiovascular magnetic resonance with 2D speckle tracking echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23148082     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIMS: Separate analysis of endocardial and epicardial myocardial layer deformation has become possible using strain-encoded cardiovascular magnetic resonance (SENC) and 2D-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (Echo). This study evaluated and compared both modalities for the assessment of infarct transmurality as defined by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS AND RESULTS: In 29 patients (age 62.4 ± 11.7 years, 23 male) with ischaemic cardiomyopathy, SENC using 1.5 T CMR and Echo were performed. Peak circumferential systolic strain of the endocardial and the epicardial layer of 304 myocardial segments was assessed by SENC and by Echo. The segmental transmurality of myocardial infarction was determined as relative amount of LGE (0%: no infarction; 1-50%: non-transmural infarction; 51-100%: transmural infarction). Endocardial and epicardial strain defined by SENC and by Echo differed significantly between segments of different infarct transmurality determined by CMR. Endocardial layer circumferential strain analysis by Echo and by SENC allowed distinction of segments with non-transmural infarction from non-infarcted segments with similar accuracy [area under the curve (AUC) 0.699 vs. 0.649, respectively, P = 0.239]. Epicardial layer circumferential strain analysis by Echo and by SENC allowed distinction of transmural from non-transmural myocardial infarction defined by LGE CMR with similar accuracy (AUC 0.721 vs. 0.664, respectively, P = 0.401). Endocardial strain by SENC correlated moderately with endocardial strain by Echo (r = 0.50; standard error of estimate = 5.2%). CONCLUSION: Layer-specific analysis of myocardial deformation by Echo and by SENC allows discrimination between different transmurality categories of myocardial infarction with similar accuracy. However, accuracy of both methods is non-optimal, indicating that further tools for improvement should be evaluated in the future.
Ertunc Altiok; Mirja Neizel; Sonja Tiemann; Vitali Krass; Michael Becker; Christian Zwicker; Ralf Koos; Malte Kelm; Nils Kraemer; Felix Schoth; Nikolaus Marx; Rainer Hoffmann
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-2412     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573788     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiology, Pneumology and Angiology, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.
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