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Laxative treatment with polyethylene glycol does not affect lipid absorption in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23013930     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: : Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a frequently used laxative agent. It is unknown, however, whether PEG affects the absorptive capacity of the intestine. Reduced lipid (dietary fat and cholesterol) absorption induced by long-term PEG treatment could negatively affect growth in children. We tested whether PEG accelerates gastrointestinal transit and alters lipid absorption and plasma lipid levels.
METHODS: : Wistar rats were administered drinking water with or without PEG (7%) for 2 weeks. We studied whole gut transit time by recording the first appearance of red feces after intragastric carmine red administration. We measured plasma concentrations of cholesterol and triglycerides, dietary fat absorption by 48-hour fat balance and by plasma appearance of intragastrically administered stable-isotope labeled fats, and cholesterol absorption with a dual stable isotope technique.
RESULTS: : PEG decreased whole gut transit time by 20% (P = 0.028) without causing diarrhea. PEG treatment did neither affects overall dietary fat balance nor fat uptake kinetics, cholesterol absorption, or plasma lipid concentrations.
CONCLUSIONS: : PEG does not affect lipid absorption nor steady-state plasma lipid levels in rats, although it accelerates the gastrointestinal transit.
Authors:
Mariëtte Y M van der Wulp; Frans J C Cuperus; Frans Stellaard; Theo H van Dijk; Jan Dekker; Edmond H H M Rings; Albert K Groen; Henkjan J Verkade
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1536-4801     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211545     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  457-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
*Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, Groningen University Institute for Drug Exploration, Center for Liver, Digestive and Metabolic Diseases, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands †Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Wageningen, Gelderland.
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