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Law and regulation of benzene.
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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2792048     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OSHA has created final benzene regulations after extensive rulemakings on two occasions, 1978 and 1987. These standards have been the subject of extensive litigation for nearly 20 years. This article examines in detail the conceptual underpinnings of the Benzene Case, (which was decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1980) in light of U.S. administrative law precedents that have set limits upon administrative discretion under the test for "substantial evidence" and the "hard look doctrine." This article also addresses recent developments in the wake of the Benzene Case and their implications for benzene regulations following the "significant risk" doctrine in that case. This article briefly describes other national, regional, and international laws governing the use of benzene. This article concludes that the revisions of the benzene regulation and subsequent rulemaking provide substantial evidence of scientific underpinnings for regulatory action and that laws from other nations reflect an international consensus that occupational exposure to benzene is a proper subject of regulation. Such regulations and policies are therefore likely to withstand scrutiny and remain enforceable as widely accepted norms.
I L Feitshans
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental health perspectives     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0091-6765     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Health Perspect.     Publication Date:  1989 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-11-02     Completed Date:  1989-11-02     Revised Date:  2008-11-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330411     Medline TA:  Environ Health Perspect     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  299-307     Citation Subset:  IM    
Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205.
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MeSH Terms
Benzene / standards*
Maximum Allowable Concentration
United States
United States Food and Drug Administration
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
World Health
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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Journal Information
Journal ID (nlm-ta): Environ Health Perspect
ISSN: 0091-6765
Article Information
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Print publication date: Month: 7 Year: 1989
Volume: 82First Page: 299 Last Page: 307
ID: 1568132
PubMed Id: 2792048

Law and regulation of benzene.
I L Feitshans
Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205.

Article Categories:
  • Research Article

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