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Laughter yoga versus group exercise program in elderly depressed women: a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20848578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Laughter Yoga founded by M. Kataria is a combination of unconditioned laughter and yogic breathing. Its effect on mental and physical aspects of healthy individuals was shown to be beneficial.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Kataria's Laughter Yoga and group exercise therapy in decreasing depression and increasing life satisfaction in older adult women of a cultural community of Tehran, Iran.
METHODS: Seventy depressed old women who were members of a cultural community of Tehran were chosen by Geriatric depression scale (score > 10). After completion of Life Satisfaction Scale pre-test and demographic questionnaire, subjects were randomized into three groups of laughter therapy, exercise therapy, and control. Subsequently, depression post-test and life satisfaction post-test were done for all three groups. The data were analyzed using analysis of covariance and Bonferroni's correction.
RESULTS: Sixty subjects completed the study. The analysis revealed a significant difference in decrease in depression scores of both Laughter Yoga and exercise therapy group in comparison to control group (p < 0.001 and p < 0.01, respectively). There was no significant difference between Laughter Yoga and exercise therapy groups. The increase in life satisfaction of Laughter Yoga group showed a significant difference in comparison with control group (p < 0.001). No significant difference was found between exercise therapy and either control or Laughter Yoga group.
CONCLUSION: Our findings showed that Laughter Yoga is at least as effective as group exercise program in improvement of depression and life satisfaction of elderly depressed women. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Mahvash Shahidi; Ali Mojtahed; Amirhossein Modabbernia; Mohammad Mojtahed; Abdollah Shafiabady; Ali Delavar; Habib Honari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of geriatric psychiatry     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1099-1166     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Geriatr Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710629     Medline TA:  Int J Geriatr Psychiatry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  322-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Department of Counseling, School of Psychology & Training Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
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