Document Detail


Lateralization of kin recognition signals in the human face.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20884584     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
When human subjects view photographs of faces, their judgments of identity, gender, emotion, age, and attractiveness depend more on one side of the face than the other. We report an experiment testing whether allocentric kin recognition (the ability to judge the degree of kinship between individuals other than the observer) is also lateralized. One hundred and twenty-four observers judged whether or not pairs of children were biological siblings by looking at photographs of their faces. In three separate conditions, (1) the right hemi-face was masked, (2) the left hemi-face was masked, or (3) the face was fully visible. The d' measures for the masked left hemi-face and masked right hemi-face were 1.024 and 1.004, respectively (no significant difference), and the d' measure for the unmasked face was 1.079, not significantly greater than that for either of the masked conditions. We conclude, first, that there is no superiority of one or the other side of the observed face in kin recognition, second, that the information present in the left and right hemi-faces relevant to recognizing kin is completely redundant, and last that symmetry cues are not used for kin recognition.
Authors:
Maria F Dal Martello; Laurence T Maloney
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vision     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1534-7362     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vis     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101147197     Medline TA:  J Vis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dipartmento di Psicologia Generale, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy. maria.dalmartello@unipd.it
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