Document Detail

Lateral hemostatic sutures in cold knife conization of the cervix. What do they accomplish?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8576874     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of cold knife conization is to ligate the descending cervical branch of the uterine artery and thus to decrease bleeding. The aim of this study was to investigate the actual frequency of ligation. STUDY DESIGN: Two lateral sutures were placed in the cervix at the 3 and 9 o'clock positions in 97 patients (194 sutures) as part of vaginal hysterectomy. The position of each suture was determined during evaluation of the surgical specimen. RESULTS: Because the specimens from 10 patients contained only single sutures, only 184 sutures were actually evaluated. Upon microscopic examination, 50 of the 184 (27%) appeared to contain no artery. Of the remaining 134 sutures, 95 (71%) enclosed an artery, and 9 (7%) lay within a 10 x field of a branch. Only 30 sutures (22%) missed the artery entirely. Thus, in the 73% of cases where an artery of significant size could be identified, the artery lay within a lateral stitch 71% of the time. CONCLUSION: If the descending cervical branch of the uterine artery supplies most of the blood to the cervix, advance placement of lateral sutures would be expected to reduce blood loss during conization.
H W Brown; S C Rayne; J G Blythe; F T Kraus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of reproductive medicine     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0024-7758     ISO Abbreviation:  J Reprod Med     Publication Date:  1995 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-03-14     Completed Date:  1996-03-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0173343     Medline TA:  J Reprod Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  611-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. John's Mercy Medical Center, St. Louis, Missouri 63141, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Arteries / surgery
Cervix Uteri / blood supply,  surgery*
Conization / methods*
Hemostasis, Surgical / methods*
Suture Techniques / standards*
Uterus / blood supply

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